Integrated Assessment Research
Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) guide understanding of global climate change by addressing its drivers, pace, consequences, and implications. Future IAMs and related tools must inform regional and local integrated planning at shorter temporal scales as well as have broader applicability, including: vulnerability analyses spanning multiple, interactive stressors; analysis of how science and technology affect mitigation and adaptation; measurement of the effects of human behavior; and assessment of combined economic effects of varied response strategies and policies. IAMs also will explore crucial intersecting systems (energy, water, and land nexus) and their interdependencies. Through their analyses of climate change impacts, IAMs inform some of the most significant energy, economic, and infrastructure decisions affecting the world today.