Integrated Human-Earth System Modeling—State of the Science and Future Directions

TitleIntegrated Human-Earth System Modeling—State of the Science and Future Directions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume13
Number6
Pages063006
Date Published06/2018
Abstract

Research on humans and the Earth system has historically occurred separately, with different teams and models devoted to each. Increasingly, however, these communities and models are becoming intricately linked. In this review, we survey the literature on integrated human-Earth system models, quantify the direction and strength of feedbacks in those models, and put them in context of other, more frequently considered, feedbacks in the Earth system. We find that such feedbacks have the potential to alter both human and Earth systems; however, there is significant uncertainty in these results, and the number of truly integrated studies remains small. More research, more models, and more studies are needed to robustly quantify the sign and magnitude of human-Earth system feedbacks. Integrating human and earth models entails significant complexity and cost, and researchers should carefully assess the costs and benefits of doing so with respect to the object of study.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aac642
DOI10.1088/1748-9326/aac642
Journal: Environmental Research Letters
Number: 6
Volume: 13

Research on humans and the Earth system has historically occurred separately, with different teams and models devoted to each. Increasingly, however, these communities and models are becoming intricately linked. In this review, we survey the literature on integrated human-Earth system models, quantify the direction and strength of feedbacks in those models, and put them in context of other, more frequently considered, feedbacks in the Earth system. We find that such feedbacks have the potential to alter both human and Earth systems; however, there is significant uncertainty in these results, and the number of truly integrated studies remains small. More research, more models, and more studies are needed to robustly quantify the sign and magnitude of human-Earth system feedbacks. Integrating human and earth models entails significant complexity and cost, and researchers should carefully assess the costs and benefits of doing so with respect to the object of study.

DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aac642
Year of Publication: 2018
Citation:
Calvin, K, and B Bond-Lamberty.  2018.  "Integrated Human-Earth System Modeling—State of the Science and Future Directions."  Environmental Research Letters 13(6): 063006, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aac642.