A narrative method for analyzing transitions in urban water management: The case of the Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department

TitleA narrative method for analyzing transitions in urban water management: The case of the Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsTreuer, Galen, Koebele Elizabeth, Deslatte Aaron, Ernst Kathleen, Garcia Margaret, and Manago Kim
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume53
Number1
Pages891-908
Date Published01/2017
Abstract / Summary

Although the water management sector is often characterized as resistant to risk and change, urban areas across the United States are increasingly interested in creating opportunities to transition toward more sustainable water management practices. These transitions are complex and difficult to predict – the product of water managers acting in response to numerous biophysical, regulatory, political, and financial factors within institutional constraints. Gaining a better understanding of how these transitions occur is crucial for continuing to improve water management. This paper presents a replicable methodology for analyzing how urban water utilities transition toward sustainability. The method combines standardized quantitative measures of variables that influence transitions with contextual qualitative information about a utility's unique decision making context to produce structured, data‐driven narratives. Data‐narratives document the broader context, the utility's pretransition history, key events during an accelerated period of change, and the consequences of transition. Eventually, these narratives should be compared across cases to develop empirically‐testable hypotheses about the drivers of and barriers to utility‐level urban water management transition. The methodology is illustrated through the case of the Miami‐Dade Water and Sewer Department (WASD) in Miami‐Dade County, Florida, and its transition toward more sustainable water management in the 2000s, during which per capita water use declined, conservation measures were enacted, water rates increased, and climate adaptive planning became the new norm.

URLhttp://doi.org/10.1002/2016wr019658
DOI10.1002/2016wr019658
Funding Program: 
Journal: Water Resources Research
Year of Publication: 2017
Volume: 53
Number: 1
Pages: 891-908
Date Published: 01/2017

Although the water management sector is often characterized as resistant to risk and change, urban areas across the United States are increasingly interested in creating opportunities to transition toward more sustainable water management practices. These transitions are complex and difficult to predict – the product of water managers acting in response to numerous biophysical, regulatory, political, and financial factors within institutional constraints. Gaining a better understanding of how these transitions occur is crucial for continuing to improve water management. This paper presents a replicable methodology for analyzing how urban water utilities transition toward sustainability. The method combines standardized quantitative measures of variables that influence transitions with contextual qualitative information about a utility's unique decision making context to produce structured, data‐driven narratives. Data‐narratives document the broader context, the utility's pretransition history, key events during an accelerated period of change, and the consequences of transition. Eventually, these narratives should be compared across cases to develop empirically‐testable hypotheses about the drivers of and barriers to utility‐level urban water management transition. The methodology is illustrated through the case of the Miami‐Dade Water and Sewer Department (WASD) in Miami‐Dade County, Florida, and its transition toward more sustainable water management in the 2000s, during which per capita water use declined, conservation measures were enacted, water rates increased, and climate adaptive planning became the new norm.

DOI: 10.1002/2016wr019658
Citation:
Treuer, G, E Koebele, A Deslatte, K Ernst, M Garcia, and K Manago.  2017.  "A narrative method for analyzing transitions in urban water management: The case of the Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department."  Water Resources Research 53(1): 891-908.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2016wr019658.