Simulation of Canopy CO2/H2O Fluxes for a Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) Plantation in Central Cambodia: The Effect of the Regular Spacing of Planted Trees

TitleSimulation of Canopy CO2/H2O Fluxes for a Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) Plantation in Central Cambodia: The Effect of the Regular Spacing of Planted Trees
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
JournalEcological Modelling
Number10
Pages124-135
Date Published09/2013
Abstract / Summary

We developed a soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer (SVAT) model applicable to simulating CO2 and H2O fluxes from the canopies of rubber plantations, which are characterized by distinct canopy clumping produced by regular spacing of plantation trees. Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.) plantations, which are rapidly expanding into both climatically optimal and sub-optimal environments throughout mainland Southeast Asia, potentially change the partitioning of water, energy, and carbon at multiple scales, compared with traditional land covers that are being replaced. Describing the biosphere–atmosphere exchange in rubber plantations via SVAT modeling is, therefore, important to understanding the impacts on environmental processes. The regular spacing of plantation trees creates a peculiar canopy structure that is not well represented in most SVAT models, which generally assume a non-uniform spacing of vegetation. Herein we develop a SVAT model applicable to a rubber plantation and an evaluation method for its canopy structure, and examine how the peculiar canopy structure of rubber plantations affects canopy CO2 and H2O exchanges. Model results are compared with measurements collected at a field site in central Cambodia. Our findings suggest that it is crucial to account for intensive canopy clumping in order to reproduce observed rubber plantation fluxes. These results suggest a potentially optimal spacing of rubber trees to produce high primary productivity and water use efficiency.

DOI10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.06.016
Journal: Ecological Modelling
Year of Publication: 2013
Number: 10
Pages: 124-135
Date Published: 09/2013

We developed a soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer (SVAT) model applicable to simulating CO2 and H2O fluxes from the canopies of rubber plantations, which are characterized by distinct canopy clumping produced by regular spacing of plantation trees. Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.) plantations, which are rapidly expanding into both climatically optimal and sub-optimal environments throughout mainland Southeast Asia, potentially change the partitioning of water, energy, and carbon at multiple scales, compared with traditional land covers that are being replaced. Describing the biosphere–atmosphere exchange in rubber plantations via SVAT modeling is, therefore, important to understanding the impacts on environmental processes. The regular spacing of plantation trees creates a peculiar canopy structure that is not well represented in most SVAT models, which generally assume a non-uniform spacing of vegetation. Herein we develop a SVAT model applicable to a rubber plantation and an evaluation method for its canopy structure, and examine how the peculiar canopy structure of rubber plantations affects canopy CO2 and H2O exchanges. Model results are compared with measurements collected at a field site in central Cambodia. Our findings suggest that it is crucial to account for intensive canopy clumping in order to reproduce observed rubber plantation fluxes. These results suggest a potentially optimal spacing of rubber trees to produce high primary productivity and water use efficiency.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.06.016
Citation:
Kumagai, T, R Mudd, Y Miyazawa, W Liu, TW Giambelluca, N Kobayashi, TK Lim, et al.  2013.  "Simulation of Canopy CO2/H2O Fluxes for a Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) Plantation in Central Cambodia: The Effect of the Regular Spacing of Planted Trees."  Ecological Modelling 124-135.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.06.016.