Spatio-temporal Network Analysis for Studying Climate Patterns

TitleSpatio-temporal Network Analysis for Studying Climate Patterns
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
JournalClimate Dynamics
Date Published03/2013
Abstract / Summary

A fast, robust and scalable methodology to examine, quantify, and visualize climate patterns and their relationships is proposed. It is based on a set of notions, algorithms and metrics used in the study of graphs, referred to as complex network analysis. The goals of this approach are to explain known climate phenomena in terms of an underlying network structure and to uncover regional and global linkages in the climate system, while comparing general circulation models outputs with observations. The proposed method is based on a two-layer network representation. At the first layer, gridded climate data are used to identify "areas", i.e., geographical regions that are highly homogeneous in terms of the given climate variable. At the second layer, the identified areas are interconnected with links of varying strength, forming a global climate network. This paper describes the climate network inference and related network metrics, and compares network properties for different sea surface temperature reanalyses and precipitation data sets, and for a small sample of CMIP5 outputs.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-013-1729-5
DOI10.1007/s00382-013-1729-5
Journal: Climate Dynamics
Year of Publication: 2013
Date Published: 03/2013

A fast, robust and scalable methodology to examine, quantify, and visualize climate patterns and their relationships is proposed. It is based on a set of notions, algorithms and metrics used in the study of graphs, referred to as complex network analysis. The goals of this approach are to explain known climate phenomena in terms of an underlying network structure and to uncover regional and global linkages in the climate system, while comparing general circulation models outputs with observations. The proposed method is based on a two-layer network representation. At the first layer, gridded climate data are used to identify "areas", i.e., geographical regions that are highly homogeneous in terms of the given climate variable. At the second layer, the identified areas are interconnected with links of varying strength, forming a global climate network. This paper describes the climate network inference and related network metrics, and compares network properties for different sea surface temperature reanalyses and precipitation data sets, and for a small sample of CMIP5 outputs.

DOI: 10.1007/s00382-013-1729-5
Citation:
Fountalis, I, A Bracco, and C Dovrolis.  2013.  "Spatio-temporal Network Analysis for Studying Climate Patterns."  Climate Dynamics.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-1729-5.