Two-moment Bulk Stratiform Cloud Microphysicsin the Grid-point Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG (GAMIL)

TitleTwo-moment Bulk Stratiform Cloud Microphysicsin the Grid-point Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG (GAMIL)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsShi, Xiangjun, Wang Bin, Liu Xiaohong, and Wang Minghuai
JournalAdvances in Atmospheric Sciences
Date Published05/2013
Abstract / Summary

A two-moment bulk stratiform microphysics scheme, including recently developed physically-based droplet activation/ice nucleation parameterizations has been implemented into the Grid-point Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG (GAMIL) as an effort to enhance the model’s capability to simulate aerosol indirect effects. Unlike the previous one-moment cloud microphysics scheme, the new scheme produces a reasonable representation of cloud particle size and number concentration. This scheme captures the observed spatial variations in cloud droplet number concentrations. Simulated ice crystal number concentrations in cirrus clouds qualitatively agree with in situ observations. The longwave and shortwave cloud forcings are in better agreement with observations. Sensitivity tests show that the column cloud droplet number concentrations calculated from two different droplet activation parameterizations are similar. However, ice crystal number concentration in mixed-phased clouds is sensitive to different heterogeneous ice nucleation formulations. The simulation with high ice crystal number concentration in mixed-phase clouds has less liquid water path and weaker cloud forcing. Furthermore, ice crystal number concentration in cirrus clouds is sensitive to different ice nucleation parameterizations. Sensitivity tests also suggest that the impact of pre-existing ice crystals on homogeneous freezing in old clouds should be taken into account.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-012-2072-1
DOI10.1007/s00376-012-2072-1
Journal: Advances in Atmospheric Sciences
Year of Publication: 2013
Date Published: 05/2013

A two-moment bulk stratiform microphysics scheme, including recently developed physically-based droplet activation/ice nucleation parameterizations has been implemented into the Grid-point Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG (GAMIL) as an effort to enhance the model’s capability to simulate aerosol indirect effects. Unlike the previous one-moment cloud microphysics scheme, the new scheme produces a reasonable representation of cloud particle size and number concentration. This scheme captures the observed spatial variations in cloud droplet number concentrations. Simulated ice crystal number concentrations in cirrus clouds qualitatively agree with in situ observations. The longwave and shortwave cloud forcings are in better agreement with observations. Sensitivity tests show that the column cloud droplet number concentrations calculated from two different droplet activation parameterizations are similar. However, ice crystal number concentration in mixed-phased clouds is sensitive to different heterogeneous ice nucleation formulations. The simulation with high ice crystal number concentration in mixed-phase clouds has less liquid water path and weaker cloud forcing. Furthermore, ice crystal number concentration in cirrus clouds is sensitive to different ice nucleation parameterizations. Sensitivity tests also suggest that the impact of pre-existing ice crystals on homogeneous freezing in old clouds should be taken into account.

DOI: 10.1007/s00376-012-2072-1
Citation:
Shi, X, B Wang, X Liu, and M Wang.  2013.  "Two-moment Bulk Stratiform Cloud Microphysicsin the Grid-point Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG (GAMIL)."  Advances in Atmospheric Sciences.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-012-2072-1.