Cooperative Agreement for the Climate Change Prediction Program

The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research and the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) cooperative agreement supports fundamental climate science research for the DOE U.S. Global Change Research Program as part of the DOE Climate Change Prediction Program. The DOE/NCAR cooperative agreement calls for research in four coordinated domains related to understanding and improving the simulation of the earth’s climate system:

  1. Modeling Future Climate Change: Effects of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Climate Forcings. PIs: Warren Washington and Jerry Meehl
  2. Evaluation of and Improvements to Components of Climate System Models. PIs: David Williamson and James Hack
  3. Physical Parameterization Development and Process Studies Using a Hierarchy of Modeling Frameworks. PIs: James Hack and Jeffrey Kiehl
  4. Climate Dynamics Applied to Climate Change. PI: Grant Branstator.

This research is a strong contributor to the federal Climate Change Science Program in several high priority areas as well as providing the largest set of simulations to the CMIP3 multi-model dataset that was assessed for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). We are currently preparing to participate in an upcoming set of coordinated experiments to address short term climate change and new long term mitigation/adaptation scenarios that would be assessed for a possible IPCC Fifth Assessment Report.

Project Term: 
2006 to 2012
Project Type: 
University Funded Research

Publications:

An assessment of global and regional sea level for years 1993–2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations
An Evaluation of Experimental Decadal Predictions Using CCSM4
An observationally based constraint on the water-vapor feedback
Assessing A Dry Surface Layer-based Soil Resistance Parameterization for the Community Land Model using GRACE and FLUXNET-MTE Data
Climate Model Simulations of the Observed Early-2000s Hiatus of Global Warming
CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate extremes in the United States
CMIP5 Multi-model Initialized Decadal Hindcasts for the Mid-1970s Shift and Early-2000s Hiatus and Predictions for 2016-2035
Diagnosing Present and Future Permafrost from Climate Models
Hell and High Water: Practice-Relevant Adaptation Science
How Well are the Distribution and Extreme Values of Daily Precipitation over North America Represented in the Community Climate System Model? A Comparison to Reanalysis, Satellite, and Gridded Station Data
Impact of soil moisture-climate feedbacks on CMIP5 projections: First results from the GLACE-CMIP5 experiment
Individual Feedback Contributions to the Seasonality of Surface Warming
Intensification of decadal and multi-decadal sea level variability in the western tropical Pacific during recent decades
Interactions Between Externally-forced Climate Signals from Sunspot Peaks and the Internally-generated Pacific Decadal and North Atlantic Oscillations
Is AMOC More Predictable than North Atlantic Heat Content?
Less Reliable Water Availability in the 21st Century Projected Climate
Near-term Climate Change: Projections and Predictability
Nonlinear precipitation response to El Niño and global warming in the Indo-Pacific
On the Possible Interaction between Internal Climate Variability and Forced Climate Change
Pattern Scaling: a review of its strengths and limitations, and an update on the latest model simulations
Probability of US heat waves affected by a subseasonal planetary wave pattern
Processes Controlling Southern Ocean Shortwave Climate Feedbacks in CESM
Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus
The Effect of Vertically Resolved Soil Biogeochemistry and Alternate Soil C and N Models on C Dynamics of CLM4
Using Aquaplanets to Understand the Robust Responses of Comprehensive Climate Models to Forcing

Research Highlights:

None Available