Asylum Applications and Migration Flows

TitleAsylum Applications and Migration Flows
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMissirian, Anouch, and Schlenker Wolfram
JournalAmerican Economic Review
Volume107
Number5
Pages436-440
Date Published05/2017
Abstract / Summary

We discuss an underutilized dataset to examine the causes of migration. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees publishes annual binational asylum applications and the resulting decisions. Asylum is granted to protect individuals from persecution. They are a small part of overall migration patterns: one-tenth of overall migration flows into OECD countries. The European Union receives the largest share of asylum applicants and has a low acceptance rate, but the rate increases when source countries have positive deviations from historic trends. Countries outside the EU and OECD receive almost all of the applications from neighbors with a contiguous land border.

URLhttp://doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20171051
DOI10.1257/aer.p20171051
Funding Program: 
Journal: American Economic Review
Year of Publication: 2017
Volume: 107
Number: 5
Pages: 436-440
Date Published: 05/2017

We discuss an underutilized dataset to examine the causes of migration. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees publishes annual binational asylum applications and the resulting decisions. Asylum is granted to protect individuals from persecution. They are a small part of overall migration patterns: one-tenth of overall migration flows into OECD countries. The European Union receives the largest share of asylum applicants and has a low acceptance rate, but the rate increases when source countries have positive deviations from historic trends. Countries outside the EU and OECD receive almost all of the applications from neighbors with a contiguous land border.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20171051
Citation:
Missirian, A, and W Schlenker.  2017.  "Asylum Applications and Migration Flows."  American Economic Review 107(5): 436-440.  https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20171051.