Black Carbon Amplifies Haze Over the North China Plain by Weakening the East Asian Winter Monsoon

TitleBlack Carbon Amplifies Haze Over the North China Plain by Weakening the East Asian Winter Monsoon
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume46
Number1
Pages452-460
Date Published01/2019
Abstract / Summary

Black carbon (BC) has previously been found to intensify haze in China by stabilizing the planetary boundary layer. With ocean, sea ice, and cloud feedbacks included in a global aerosol‐climate model, we show that BC emitted from the North China Plain can be transported to the oceans, which in turn changes cloud structure and land‐sea thermal contrast. As a result, East Asian winter monsoon wind speeds decrease over the North China Plain. This decrease causes air stagnation that can further intensify haze. Our results suggest that in addition to the local BC‐induced interactions between aerosol and the planetary boundary layer, BC can also amplify haze in the North China Plain by weakening East Asian winter monsoon through ocean, sea ice, and cloud feedbacks. It implies that reducing BC emissions could have significant indirect benefits for air quality in the North China Plain.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018gl080941
DOI10.1029/2018gl080941
Journal: Geophysical Research Letters
Year of Publication: 2019
Volume: 46
Number: 1
Pages: 452-460
Date Published: 01/2019

Black carbon (BC) has previously been found to intensify haze in China by stabilizing the planetary boundary layer. With ocean, sea ice, and cloud feedbacks included in a global aerosol‐climate model, we show that BC emitted from the North China Plain can be transported to the oceans, which in turn changes cloud structure and land‐sea thermal contrast. As a result, East Asian winter monsoon wind speeds decrease over the North China Plain. This decrease causes air stagnation that can further intensify haze. Our results suggest that in addition to the local BC‐induced interactions between aerosol and the planetary boundary layer, BC can also amplify haze in the North China Plain by weakening East Asian winter monsoon through ocean, sea ice, and cloud feedbacks. It implies that reducing BC emissions could have significant indirect benefits for air quality in the North China Plain.

DOI: 10.1029/2018gl080941
Citation:
Lou, S, Y Yang, H Wang, S Smith, Y Qian, and H Wang.  2019.  "Black Carbon Amplifies Haze Over the North China Plain by Weakening the East Asian Winter Monsoon."  Geophysical Research Letters 46(1): 452-460.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2018gl080941.