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Publication Date
10 January 2019

Black Carbon Amplifies Haze Over the North China Plain by Weakening the East Asian Winter Monsoon



Black carbon (BC) has previously been found to intensify haze in China by stabilizing the planetary boundary layer. With ocean, sea ice, and cloud feedbacks included in a global aerosol‐climate model, we show that BC emitted from the North China Plain can be transported to the oceans, which in turn changes cloud structure and land‐sea thermal contrast. As a result, East Asian winter monsoon wind speeds decrease over the North China Plain. This decrease causes air stagnation that can further intensify haze. Our results suggest that in addition to the local BC‐induced interactions between aerosol and the planetary boundary layer, BC can also amplify haze in the North China Plain by weakening East Asian winter monsoon through ocean, sea ice, and cloud feedbacks. It implies that reducing BC emissions could have significant indirect benefits for air quality in the North China Plain.
“Black Carbon Amplifies Haze Over The North China Plain By Weakening The East Asian Winter Monsoon”. 2019. Geophysical Research Letters 46: 452-460. doi:10.1029/2018gl080941.
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