California's Drought of the Future: A Midcentury Recreation of the Exceptional Conditions of 2012-2017

TitleCalifornia's Drought of the Future: A Midcentury Recreation of the Exceptional Conditions of 2012-2017
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
JournalEarth's Future
Date Published09/2018
Abstract / Summary

The California drought of 2012-2016 was a record-breaking event with extensive social, political, and economic repercussions. The impacts were widespread and exposed the difficulty in preparing for the effects of prolonged dry conditions. Although the lessons from this drought drove important changes to state law and policy, there is little doubt that climate change will only exacerbate future droughts. To understand the character of future drought, this paper examines this recent drought period retrospectively and prospectively; that is, as it occurred historically, and if similar dynamical conditions to the historical period were to arise 30 years later (2042-2046) subject to the effects of climate change. Simulations were conducted using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model using the pseudo-global warming method. The simulated historical and future droughts are contrasted in terms of temperature, precipitation, snowpack, soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and forest health. Overall, the midcentury drought is observed to be significantly worse, with many more extreme heat days, record-low snowpack, increased soil drying, and record-high forest mortality. With these findings in mind, the datasets developed in this study provide a means to structure future drought planning around a drought scenario that is realistic and modeled after a memorable historical analog.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018ef001007
DOI10.1029/2018ef001007
Journal: Earth's Future
Year of Publication: 2018
Date Published: 09/2018

The California drought of 2012-2016 was a record-breaking event with extensive social, political, and economic repercussions. The impacts were widespread and exposed the difficulty in preparing for the effects of prolonged dry conditions. Although the lessons from this drought drove important changes to state law and policy, there is little doubt that climate change will only exacerbate future droughts. To understand the character of future drought, this paper examines this recent drought period retrospectively and prospectively; that is, as it occurred historically, and if similar dynamical conditions to the historical period were to arise 30 years later (2042-2046) subject to the effects of climate change. Simulations were conducted using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model using the pseudo-global warming method. The simulated historical and future droughts are contrasted in terms of temperature, precipitation, snowpack, soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and forest health. Overall, the midcentury drought is observed to be significantly worse, with many more extreme heat days, record-low snowpack, increased soil drying, and record-high forest mortality. With these findings in mind, the datasets developed in this study provide a means to structure future drought planning around a drought scenario that is realistic and modeled after a memorable historical analog.

DOI: 10.1029/2018ef001007
Citation:
Ullrich, PA, Z Xu, AR Rhoades, MD Dettinger, JF Mount, AD Jones, and P Ullrich.  2018.  "California's Drought of the Future: A Midcentury Recreation of the Exceptional Conditions of 2012-2017."  Earth's Future.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2018ef001007.