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Publication Date
10 July 2023

Dichotomy between freshwater and heat flux effects on oceanic conveyor belt stability and global climate



The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation is an important global-scale oceanic circulation, and its changes may be responsible for past abrupt climate change events. By using two versions of a coupled climate model, here we show that the stability of this circulation depends not only on the background climate, but also on the type of primary external forcing: freshwater vs. greenhouse gases. When freshwater forcing is dominant, hysteresis of this circulation (an abrupt collapse/reactivation) becomes possible only under simulated glacial conditions with closed Bering Strait. Under present day and future conditions, both freshwater and greenhouse gas forcings could collapse this circulation, but only greenhouse gas forcing produced a bi-stable equilibrium state comparable to abrupt climate change. Our results demonstrate that the Bering Strait status (open vs. closed) may facilitate or prohibit the existence of this circulation’s hysteresis, irrespective of the background climate conditions, but is directly related to the primary forcing.

Hu, Aixue, Gerald A. Meehl, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Weiqing Han, Bette Otto-Bliesner, Feng He, Tongwen Wu, Nan A Rosenbloom, Warren G. Strand, and James Edwards. 2023. “Dichotomy Between Freshwater And Heat Flux Effects On Oceanic Conveyor Belt Stability And Global Climate”. Communications Earth & Environment 4 (1). Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi:10.1038/s43247-023-00916-0.
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