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Publication Date
8 December 2023

The Effects of African Easterly Wave Suppression by Wave Track on Atlantic Tropical Cyclones



It is well established that African easterly waves (AEWs) can serve as seedling disturbances for Atlantic tropical cyclones (TCs). However, research has shown that AEWs are not necessary to maintain specifically basin‐wide TC frequency. Here, we for the first time investigate the effects of AEW suppression by wave track on Atlantic TC activity. Regional model simulations were performed, where AEWs were either prescribed or suppressed from the eastern lateral boundary condition. We found that without AEWs, there was an increase in TC frequency and strength, with the most pronounced increases occurring when the waves were suppressed in the south track. These changes coincided with more favorable environmental conditions and disturbances associated with increased convective activity over the Atlantic. Our results indicate that AEWs are not a limiting factor for TCs, and that AEW suppression, specifically in the south track, can affect the large‐scale environment to enhance favorability for TC genesis.

Bercos‐Hickey, Emily, and Christina M. Patricola. 2023. “The Effects Of African Easterly Wave Suppression By Wave Track On Atlantic Tropical Cyclones”. Geophysical Research Letters 50 (23). American Geophysical Union (AGU). doi:10.1029/2023gl105491.
Funding Program Area(s)
Additional Resources:
NERSC (National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center)