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Publication Date
1 November 2023

Evaluating the Water Cycle Over CONUS at the Watershed Scale for the Energy Exascale Earth System Model Version 1 (E3SMv1) Across Resolutions



The water cycle is an important component of the earth system and it plays a key role in many facets of society, including energy production, agriculture, and human health and safety. In this study, the Energy Exascale Earth System Model version 1 (E3SMv1) is run with low‐resolution (roughly 110 km) and high‐resolution (roughly 25 km) configurations—as established by the High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project protocol—to evaluate the atmospheric and terrestrial water budgets over the conterminous United States (CONUS) at the large watershed scale. The warm season water cycle slows down in the HR experiment relative to the LR, with decreasing fluxes of precipitation, evapotranspiration, atmospheric moisture convergence, and runoff. The reductions in these terms exacerbate biases for some watersheds, while reducing them in others. For example, precipitation biases are exacerbated at HR over the Eastern and Central CONUS watersheds, while precipitation biases are reduced at HR over the Western CONUS watersheds. The most pronounced changes with resolution to the water cycle come from reductions in precipitation and evapotranspiration. The reduction in evapotranspiration reduces the biases across nearly all of the CONUS. Additional exploratory metrics show improvements to water cycle extremes (both in precipitation and streamflow), fractional contributions of different storm types to total precipitation, and mountain snowpack.

Harrop, Bryce E., Karthik Balaguru, Jean‐Christophe Golaz, L. Ruby Leung, Salil Mahajan, Alan M. Rhoades, Paul A. Ullrich, et al. 2023. “Evaluating The Water Cycle Over Conus At The Watershed Scale For The Energy Exascale Earth System Model Version 1 (E3Smv1) Across Resolutions”. Journal Of Advances In Modeling Earth Systems 15 (11). American Geophysical Union (AGU). doi:10.1029/2022ms003490.
Funding Program Area(s)
Additional Resources:
NERSC (National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center)