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Publication Date
14 April 2024

The Influence of Climate Variability and Future Climate Change on Atlantic Hurricane Season Length



Atlantic hurricane season length is important for emergency management preparation, motivating the need to understand its variability and change. We investigated the influence of ocean variability on Atlantic hurricane season length in observations and a future climate simulated by the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM). We found that multiple factors influence hurricane season length, through their influence on season start and end. Warm western subtropical Atlantic sea‐surface temperature anomalies (SSTAs) during boreal spring (before the official hurricane season start) drive early starts to the hurricane season, and vice versa for cool SSTAs. Meanwhile, La Niña in autumn (before the official hurricane season end) drives late ends to the hurricane season, and vice versa for El Niño. E3SM projects a 27‐day increase in future Atlantic hurricane season length given La Niña and warm northern tropical Atlantic SSTAs. This research documents sources of predictability for Atlantic hurricane season length.

Patricola, Christina M., Grace E. Hansen, and Ana C. T. Sena. 2024. “The Influence Of Climate Variability And Future Climate Change On Atlantic Hurricane Season Length”. Geophysical Research Letters 51 (8). American Geophysical Union (AGU). doi:10.1029/2023gl107881.
Funding Program Area(s)
Additional Resources:
NERSC (National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center)