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Publication Date
4 January 2024

An open-source framework for balancing computational speed and fidelity in production cost models



Studies of bulk power system operations need to incorporate uncertainty and sensitivity analyses, especially around exposure to weather and climate variability and extremes, but this remains a computational modeling challenge. Commercial production cost models (PCMs) have shorter runtimes, but also important limitations (opacity, license restrictions) that do not fully support stochastic simulation. Open-source PCMs represent a potential solution. They allow for multiple, simultaneous runs in high-performance computing environments and offer flexibility in model parameterization. Yet, developers must balance computational speed (i.e. runtime) with model fidelity (i.e. accuracy). In this paper, we present Grid Operations (GO), a framework for instantiating open-source, scale-adaptive PCMs. GO allows users to search across parameter spaces to identify model versions that appropriately balance computational speed and fidelity based on experimental needs and resource limits. Results provide generalizable insights on how to navigate the fidelity and computational speed tradeoff through parameter selection. We show that models with coarser network topologies can accurately mimic market operations, sometimes better than higher-resolution models. It is thus possible to conduct large simulation experiments that characterize operational risks related to climate and weather extremes while maintaining sufficient model accuracy.

Akdemir, Kerem Ziya, Konstantinos Oikonomou, Jordan D Kern, Nathalie Voisin, Henry Ssembatya, and Jingwei Qian. 2024. “An Open-Source Framework For Balancing Computational Speed And Fidelity In Production Cost Models”. Environmental Research: Energy 1 (1). IOP Publishing: 015003. doi:10.1088/2753-3751/ad1751.
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