Quantifying human-Mediated Carbon Cycle Feedbacks

TitleQuantifying human-Mediated Carbon Cycle Feedbacks
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Date Published10/2018
Abstract

Changes in land and ocean carbon storage in response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and associated climate change, known as the concentration‐carbon and climate‐carbon feedbacks, are principal controls on the response of the climate system to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Such feedbacks have typically been quantified in the context of natural ecosystems, but land management activities are also responsive to future atmospheric carbon and climate changes. Here we show that inclusion of such human‐driven responses within an Earth system model shifts both the terrestrial concentration‐carbon and climate‐carbon feedbacks toward increased carbon storage. We introduce a conceptual framework for decomposing these changes into separate concentration‐land cover, climate‐land cover, and land cover‐carbon effects, providing a parsimonious means to diagnose sources of variation across numerical models capable of estimating such feedbacks.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018gl079350
DOI10.1029/2018gl079350
Funding Program: 
Journal: Geophysical Research Letters

Changes in land and ocean carbon storage in response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and associated climate change, known as the concentration‐carbon and climate‐carbon feedbacks, are principal controls on the response of the climate system to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Such feedbacks have typically been quantified in the context of natural ecosystems, but land management activities are also responsive to future atmospheric carbon and climate changes. Here we show that inclusion of such human‐driven responses within an Earth system model shifts both the terrestrial concentration‐carbon and climate‐carbon feedbacks toward increased carbon storage. We introduce a conceptual framework for decomposing these changes into separate concentration‐land cover, climate‐land cover, and land cover‐carbon effects, providing a parsimonious means to diagnose sources of variation across numerical models capable of estimating such feedbacks.

DOI: 10.1029/2018gl079350
Year of Publication: 2018
Citation:
Jones, A, K Calvin, X Shi, A Di Vittorio, B Bond-Lamberty, P Thornton, and W Collins.  2018.  "Quantifying human-Mediated Carbon Cycle Feedbacks."  Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2018gl079350.