The Role of Convective Gustiness in Reducing Seasonal Precipitation Biases in the Tropical West Pacific

TitleThe Role of Convective Gustiness in Reducing Seasonal Precipitation Biases in the Tropical West Pacific
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
JournalJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Date Published04/2018
Abstract

Precipitation is an important climate quantity that is critically relevant to society. In spite of intense efforts, significant precipitation biases remain in most climate models. One pervasive and persistent bias found in many general circulation models occurs in the Tropical West Pacific where northern hemisphere summer‐time precipitation is often underestimated compared to observations. Using the DOE‐E3SM model, the inclusion of a missing process, convective gustiness, is shown to reduce those biases through a net increase in surface evaporation. Gustiness in surface wind fields is assumed to arise empirically in proportion to the intensity of convective precipitation. The increased evaporation can be treated as an increase in the moist static energy forcing into the atmosphere. A Normalized Gross Moist Stability (NGMS) framework (which characterizes the relationship between convective forcing and convective response) is used to explore the processes responsible for the precipitation bias, and the impact of the gustiness parameterization in reducing that bias. Because the NGMS of the Tropical West Pacific is less than unity in the E3SMv1 model, the increase in energy forcing amplifies the increase in precipitation to exceed that of the evaporative flux. Convective gustiness favors increased precipitation in regions where the resolved surface winds are weak and convection is present.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017ms001157
DOI10.1002/2017ms001157
Journal: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems

Precipitation is an important climate quantity that is critically relevant to society. In spite of intense efforts, significant precipitation biases remain in most climate models. One pervasive and persistent bias found in many general circulation models occurs in the Tropical West Pacific where northern hemisphere summer‐time precipitation is often underestimated compared to observations. Using the DOE‐E3SM model, the inclusion of a missing process, convective gustiness, is shown to reduce those biases through a net increase in surface evaporation. Gustiness in surface wind fields is assumed to arise empirically in proportion to the intensity of convective precipitation. The increased evaporation can be treated as an increase in the moist static energy forcing into the atmosphere. A Normalized Gross Moist Stability (NGMS) framework (which characterizes the relationship between convective forcing and convective response) is used to explore the processes responsible for the precipitation bias, and the impact of the gustiness parameterization in reducing that bias. Because the NGMS of the Tropical West Pacific is less than unity in the E3SMv1 model, the increase in energy forcing amplifies the increase in precipitation to exceed that of the evaporative flux. Convective gustiness favors increased precipitation in regions where the resolved surface winds are weak and convection is present.

DOI: 10.1002/2017ms001157
Year of Publication: 2018
Citation:
Harrop, B, P Ma, P Rasch, R Neale, and C Hannay.  2018.  "The Role of Convective Gustiness in Reducing Seasonal Precipitation Biases in the Tropical West Pacific."  Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, doi:10.1002/2017ms001157.