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Publication Date
1 April 2024

A Verification Suite of Test Cases for the Barotropic Solver of Ocean Models



The development of any atmosphere or ocean model warrants a suite of test cases (TCs) to verify its spatial and temporal discretizations, order of accuracy, stability, reproducibility, portability, scalability, etc. In this paper, we present a suite of shallow water TCs designed to verify the barotropic solver of atmosphere and ocean models. These include the non‐dispersive coastal Kelvin wave; the dispersive inertia‐gravity wave; the dispersive planetary and topographic Rossby waves; the barotropic tide; and a non‐linear manufactured solution. These TCs check the implementation of the linear pressure gradient term; the linear constant or variable‐coefficient Coriolis and bathymetry terms; and the non‐linear advection terms. Simulation results are presented for a variety of time‐stepping methods as well as two spatial discretizations: a mimetic finite volume method based on the TRiSK scheme, and a high‐order discontinuous Galerkin spectral element method. The experimental procedure for conducting these numerical experiments is detailed. It underscores several key considerations that vary depending on the chosen spatial discretization method. Finally, convergence studies of every TC are conducted with refinement in both space and time, only in space, and only in time. The convergence slopes match the expected theoretical predictions. 

Bishnu, Siddhartha, Mark R. Petersen, Bryan Quaife, and Joseph Schoonover. 2024. “A Verification Suite Of Test Cases For The Barotropic Solver Of Ocean Models”. Journal Of Advances In Modeling Earth Systems 16 (4). American Geophysical Union (AGU). doi:10.1029/2022ms003545.
Funding Program Area(s)
Additional Resources:
NERSC (National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center)