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Detection and Attribution of Regional Precipitation Change with Granger Causality: Overcoming Limited Observations, Modeling Uncertainty, and Large Internal Variability

Presentation Date
Monday, December 13, 2021 at 9:50am
Location
Convention Center - Room 278-279
Abstract

Despite the emerging influence of anthropogenic climate change on the global water cycle, at regional scales the combination of observational uncertainty, large internal variability, and modeling uncertainty undermine robust statements regarding the human influence on mean and extreme precipitation. Here, we propose a novel approach to regional detection and attribution (D&A) for precipitation, starting with the contiguous United States (CONUS) where observational uncertainty is minimized. In a single framework, we are able to simultaneously detect systematic trends in mean and extreme precipitation, attribute trends to anthropogenic forcings, compute the effects of forcings as a function of time, and map the effects of individual forcings. We use output from global climate models in a perfect-data sense to conduct an extensive set of tests that result in a parsimonious representation for characterizing seasonal mean and extreme precipitation over the CONUS for 1900 to present day.

Funding Program Area(s)