Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Publication Date
7 March 2014

CMIP5 Multi-model Initialized Decadal Hindcasts for the Mid-1970s Shift and Early-2000s Hiatus and Predictions for 2016-2035



Compared to uninitialized climate change projections, a multi-model ensemble from the CMIP5 10 year decadal prediction experiments produces more warming during the mid-1970s climate shift and less warming in the early 2000s hiatus in both the tropical Indo-Pacific region and globally averaged surface air temperature (TAS) in closer agreement with observations. Assuming bias in TAS has stabilized in the 10 year predictions, after bias adjustment, TAS anomalies for the 2016–2035 period in the 30 year predictions initialized in 2006 are about 16% less than the uninitialized projections. One contributing factor for the improved climate simulation is the bias adjustment, which corrects the models' systematic errors and higher-than-observed decadal warming trend. Another important factor is the initialization with observations which constrains the ocean such that the starting points of the initialized simulations are close to the observed initial states.

“Cmip5 Multi-Model Initialized Decadal Hindcasts For The Mid-1970S Shift And Early-2000S Hiatus And Predictions For 2016-2035”. 2014. Geophysical Research Letters 41: 1711–1716. doi:10.1002/2014GL059256.
Funding Program Area(s)